Automation is basically using machines, computer software and various technology to perform a task which would have been otherwise carried out by human workers. Industrial Automation can be classified as
- Flexible manufacturing system
- Fully mechanical
- Fully virtual
- Computer-aided manufacturing
- Industrial automation
- Numerically controlled machines
Be it traditional manual systems, IT support, product patching, automation is the process of workflow which requires minimum human intervention. Though the Significance of human involvement is not going to decline with the rise of automation, but there are more justifiable reasons to definitely opt for it.
“Our inventions have long been ahead of us in terms of efficiency and sanity, productivity and predictability. Oh, how we’ve wished we could be manmade, too. What has been keeping us back, keeping us messy? The animal impediment, within and without. Eliminating these impediments, we will surely be catching up with our machines, resembling them more and more impeccably.”
― Amy Leach, Things That Are
The answer to the question as to why the world should be moving towards automation is business-specific. There is a repetitive task in the industry where the work procedure follows the same pattern, and after some time the human involvement becomes redundant. What if machines lend a helping hand to the main force in curating these tasks? It will save time, so much time.
There is a high probability for a business to lag behind in the competitive edge if the projects take more time to get delivered exclusively with the help of manpower. Be it the service provider or be it a manufacturer, the only way to lessen the time gap and delivery between the provider and consumer is automation.
Rather than its virtual benefits, Industrial automation courses are elevating and encouraging aspiring students to pursue a career in automation also. let’s see how automation has emerged into a new technology mantra for the present industrialisation market in the country.
1. It reduces manufacturing time:
Task, effort and gain are the three metrics which summarise the effectiveness of any industry. When the business focuses more on time and capacity planning, the revenue is sure to leverage, and the only way possible to achieve this is through proper automation, to let the machine do the task in a faster fraction of time. Automation helps significantly to reduce the elapsed time between customer demand and final delivery. Manufacturing leading time is a parameter and the reduction of which has helped manufacturers to reduce work process inventory. If you are saving 7 minutes for 10 people every day, you are practically gaining one working day every week.
2. To achieve the tasks which are difficult to get accomplished manually.
There are certain task where automation is not an option but compulsion and is necessary. There are many work modules which consist of complex organisation and specification and are beyond manual comprehensions. To achieve this kind of task, the engineering world has revolutionised and has aided the industry with CAD.
CAD(computer-aided design) has an excellent capability of integrating product and product management. It provides designers with greater modelling and scope for virtual networking.
In industry, there are various integrated circuit fabrication operation and complex prototyping process based on computer graphics which demand the need for computational and numerical control.
These type of complex workflow are difficult to achieve by hand, which enhances the need for automation.
3. It compensate the concept of Labour shortage:
A lot of factors, be it qualification mismatch, preference mismatch or skill mismatch or deficiency of manual workforce can affect the resultant graph for any business. In such cases, the requirement of machines come to picture where it can sabotage the lack of manual workforce. Apart from the shortage, there is one more reason to look out for automation. If we divide the work in any factory or industry, the hierarchy goes up from low-level task to high-level task. Practically taking things into consideration, if we can deploy machines to do the low-level tasks which are repetitive and do not require much of intellectualism, we can save our human skills for a higher level of tasks where the involvement will be more worth it.
4. To ensure labour safety:
What makes everything better in the manufacturing industry is taking care of workers safety. In factories, there are complicated work which is risky and hazardous. There are a lot of fatal industrial hazards which the labour force go through on a yearly basis. By automating a given task, which avoids the active participation of the worker, the well being can be a safeguarded. It is better for the manual worker to take on the supervisor work, which includes a passive involvement in the task, like handling and operating the machines.
This process has elevated the demand for learning automation skills among students nowadays which is essential and provides various career opportunity for youngsters. Indeed automation has helped to safeguard the enactment of the occupational safety and health act (1970) within the country and the world
5. It boosts product quality:
Take an example of a manmade garment and a hand-stiched one. You will clearly see the difference in terms of finishing, quality and perfection. Not only the production rate but the way machines carry out the manufacturing process in terms of conformity and uniformity, it benefits the quality of the product to a great extent. The motive of every industry to keep the annual fraction of defect rate on the check, and automation helps in achieving it.
Be it manufacturing, processing, assembly or inspection, automation is an integrated ensemble of services which has helped mankind to accomplish bigger in terms of business and growth. In times to come it is going to elevate and climb more stairs. What is our role? Does it mean manpower has become insignificant.? NO. What would a machine do without a man?. Behind every successful machine, there will always be a man. Machines are not masters but lending hands to take down not-so-necessary burden down the man’s shoulder. There is a need for machines, but parallelly there is a need for manpower to learn the skills so as to run the machines too, to balance the whole act of industrialisation.